The Best Way to Remove Rust From a Barbecue Grill Grate

As the temperatures outside spikes, cooking inside, with all the warmth it can create, becomes less and less attractive. 1 solution is to fire up your barbecue; but if your barbecue did not weather the seasons well, you might find that the grill grate has rusted. Cleaning the grate requires just a couple of steps, so you’ll be able to securely enjoy delicious food in no time.

Remove the grate from your barbecue grill.

Scrape the grate with a medium-grit abrasive to eliminate big areas of rust.

Sand the grate with a fine-grit abrasive to remove smaller pieces of rust and also to polish the grate.

Clean the grate with water and soap to get rid of any excess rust, food or other contaminants. Dry the grate immediately.

Oil the grate with food-safe oil, like canola or vegetable shortening, the moment the grate is tender. Use a light layer of oil on a cloth or paper towel, and rub it across the whole grill grate, focusing particularly on the surface where the meals will rest.

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Why Does My Push Mower Clump Grass as I Cut?

Clumps of grass clippings on the lawn are not only unsightly — they could hurt or even kill the yard grass. Whenever your push mower leaves clumps of grass clippings on the lawn as you mow, the likely causes are wet grass or permitting the grass to get too tall before you mow. You can’t control the weather, but it is possible to maintain a healthy, clump-free lawn by making some changes in how you mow the yard. Suggested turfgrasses for light, Mediterranean climates include Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon, U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10), and Zoysia (Zoysia japonica, USDA zones 5 through 10).

Wet Grass

Mowing when the grass is wet doesn’t hurt the grass, however, the clumps left on the yard are unsightly and can cause problems when they are not eliminated. Mowing when the grass is too tall is far more likely to hurt the yard than mowing when it’s wet, so you may realize you have to mow wet grass from time to time. On these events, remove the clumps instantly.

Tall Grass

To stop clumps from long clippings, never remove more than one-third of the length of the blades of grass at one time. For example, to maintain a lawn at a height of 2 inches, let the grass grow until the blades are 3 inches tall before you mow. In case you have to allow it to grow taller than standard because of rain, then remove one-third of the length of the grass twice a week or so until you get to the desired height.

Effects of Grass Clumps

Leaving grass clippings on the lawn after mowing can provide as much as 25 percent of the annual fertilizer needs, so it is best to leave them on the yard unless they’re clumped. Clumps of clippings block sunlight and cause yellow leaves. Eliminate clumps of clippings by raking or mowing over them in a day or 2 when they’re dry. If you make a habit of leaving clumped clippings on the lawn, the grass may finally die.

Push Mower Blades

Mulching blades chop the pliers to finer pieces than standard push mower blades. Finer clippings are not as likely to clump, and they break down quicker than more than clippings. Dull blades tear the grass rather than cutting it and also give the grass a brownish cast, so keep the blades sharp. Torn bud also encourages disease and increases fuel intake when you mow.

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Roses That Bloom Even in November

When the sunny days of summer pass, many flowering plants lose their leaves and also cease to bloom. Gardens can become dull and colorless — particularly rose gardens. Fortunately, certain varieties of roses can be found which make blossoms throughout the fall — or even always year around — even though seasonal changes.

Hybrid Tea

Hybrid tea roses (Rosa hybrid tea), which grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 10, will bloom in spurts or always year round in temperate climates. Bushes are narrow and reach up to 6 feet tall, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, and also create large buds on straight, long stems. Varieties include “Mister Lincoln” (Rosa hybrid tea “Mister Lincoln”), which produces fragrant red flowers, “Sheer Bliss” (Rosa hybrid “Sheer Bliss”), together with aromatic white flowers and “Tiffany” (Rosa hybrid tea “Tiffany”), which blossoms in fragrant pink flowers.


Hardy floribunda roses (Rosa floribunda), located in USDA zones 4 through 8, are related to the hybrid tea rose but create profuse clusters of flowers instead of single-stemmed roses. Deciduous except in mild climates in which they could stay evergreen, floribundas develop as bushes that reach 2 to 5 feet in height, depending on the cultivar. They’re easy to grow and come in a broad selection of colours, a number of them fragrant. Over 14,000 varieties are available to select from, for example, best-seller “Iceberg” (Rosa floribunda “Iceberg”), which produces white flowers, “Easy Going” (Rosa floribunda “Easy Going”), which blossoms in yellow, and “Sexy Rexy” (Rosa Floribunda “Sexy Rexy”), which has pink flowers.


Grandiflora roses (Rosa grandiflora), which are observed in USDA zones 4 to 9, are a cross between the hybrid tea and floribunda. Possessing the best attributes of every one, they develop as tall bushes, reaching up to ten feet in height, and also create clusters of flowers in the end of long stems. They bloom more frequently than hybrid tea roses, creating flowers year around. Colors include the pink “Queen Elizabeth” (Rosa grandiflora “Queen Elizabeth”), the very first of all kinds of grandiflora, the yellow “Gold Medal” (Rosa grandiflora “Gold Medal”) along with the red “Enjoy” (Rosa grandiflora “Love”).

Climbing Roses

The large-flowered variety of climbing rose (Rosa climbing) blossoms during the summer and fall seasons. Possessing thick, sturdy canes, they can be trained to grow on trellises, fences or arbors. Left alone, they develop as arching shrubs or ground cover. Several varieties are available to develop in USDA zones 4 to 11, including the vibrant “Joseph’s Coat” (Rosa climbing “Joseph’s Coat”), which produces changing shades of crimson, pink, orange and yellow, “Blue Moon” (Rosa scaling “Blue Moon”), which flowers in fragrant lavender-blue shade along with the “Passion” (Rosa scaling “Peace”), which produces fragrant yellow flowers with pink borders.

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What Does It Mean When a Grafted Citrus Tree Has Thorns on It?

Growing your own citrus fruit is potential if you reside in a climate. In colder areas, you have to grow citrus in a greenhouse during cold months or move container plants inside your house when frost threatens. Planting grafted trees pushes the envelope on cold hardiness, but presents thorny obstacles that may grow beneath the graft union.

Citrus Trees

Even the most cold-hardy citrus trees endure frost damage, which may happen when temperatures reach 29 degrees Fahrenheit for just 30 minutes. A few lemon (Citrus limon), lime (C. aurantifolia) and orange trees (C. sinensis) naturally have thorns that grow regardless of that rootstock is used for grafting. For instance, of both main lemon cultivars, “Eureka” is almost thornless, while “Lisbon” contains thorns. Most citrus rootstock used for grafting contains thorns, making harvesting fruits a bit more precarious when a thorny scion or grass is grafted onto it.


To spread citrus trees, horticulturists use grafting or budding techniques instead of sowing seeds. Although a seed in the store-bought citrus fruit will likely sprout and grow, you will need to wait around 15 years for the resulting tree to bear fruit, depending on species. All commercially accessible citrus trees are grafted or budded to speed up the practice of harvesting fruit and also to increase disease resistance through using a hardier rootstock. Grafting takes the roots of a single plant, known as the inventory, and fuses onto it the take of another plant, known as the scion. Budding employs one vegetative bud in lieu of an entire shoot to splice onto the stock. Though some citrus trees are grafted, most are budded.


Grafted citrus trees have the best of both worlds — a scion or grass that’s chosen for its superior fruit quality, and a rootstock which has higher disease and pest resistance. Trees can also be bred to have after blossom times in order that they can avoid injury from late frosts. While sweet orange trees really are can withstand temperatures to 20 degrees Fahrenheit without sustaining damage, trifoliate oranges are hardy to minus 10 degrees. Trifoliate orange is one of few citrus trees which demonstrate resistance to foot rot, which is a disease that infects other varieties.

Trifoliate Orange

Trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) is a member of the citrus family Rutaceae. Trifoliate describes its leaflets of 3 leaves. This tree contains such formidable thorns which Dr. Hugh Conlon, retired extension horticulturist, calls it “the barbed wire of the plant world .” Also called bitter or hardy orange, trifoliate is frequently planted as an impenetrable hedge. Though it also bears fruit, they’re seedy and sour tasting. Its finest commercial value lies in the hardiness of its roots, making it a preferred rootstock for grafting sweet orange trees. Its thorns, however, will continue to grow below a graft union or grass, even on citrus trees which don’t normally bear thorns.

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How to Pick a Dining Room Set

There are several factors to consider when selecting new dining room collection. The first two factors are the size of the dining room area and the budget you have to work with. The first two factors will play a large part in determining the previous 2 — size and quality of the new dining room collection.

Dining Room Dimensions

The first element to consider when purchasing a new dining set is what size will fit in your dining area. The dining room table ought to be large enough to accommodate you and your guests and allow enough room to maneuver across the table. When you are ready to start shopping for your new furniture, then keep the measurements of the dining room “width and span” along with a tape measure handy. This will allow you to measure possible dining room sets, hutches and china cabinets to evaluate them with your dining room size and arrangement options.

Table Dimensions

To determine what size of dining area set to buy, several factors can help you make a choice — first is the size of the dining area and the other is the size of the immediate family. If there are five members in your family, don’t buy a dining set which only seats four. In addition, you might want to purchase a dining room set large enough to accommodate guests for supper parties.

Quality and Price

The cost of getting a new dining room set is dependent upon several factors: the craftsmanship put to the furniture, the kinds of substances used to make it and the size. Handcrafted or ornate dining rooms require more man-hours to fabricate. This results in higher production costs, which are passed on to you. The kinds of substances used to construct the dining room set also factor in the final costs paid by the consumer. As an example, a solid oak, cherry or maple wood dining set is significantly more costly than dining room sets utilizing particle board with veneer overlays. The size of the dining room set is the last factor when makers determine a price range for your own furniture. Naturally, a larger set is more expensive compared to their smaller counterparts because they require more labor and materials to fabricate.

Current Founder

The last element to consider when shopping for a dining room set is the way that it will blend with your current decor. As an example, you would rather not buy a modern contemporary dining set and incorporate it with ancient American living room furniture. Since most American homes incorporate an open floor plan in which the kitchen, living room and dining area are visible, the furniture should flow together. This isn’t to say you cannot use a Victorian dining room set with modern living room furniture; people have different preferences. It’s just not the standard.

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How to Train a Tomato Plant

Before you can harvest hot midsummer tomatoes, then you need to nurse the crops through the various perils spring and early summer clasp. From insect and animal pests to bacterial diseases, disease and adverse weather, numerous problems can stop your tomato plants from producing an adequate crop. Plants left to sprawl unpruned around the floor or in cages are more likely to be affected by disease and insects. Train your tomato plants to grow up a stake for healthier, larger fruit.

Push or hammer 6- to 8-foot steel or wood stakes at least 18 inches to the prepared soil every 14 to 20 inches down your full-sun garden row. Untrained indeterminate tomato plants — plants which do not have any set height — require 24 to 36 inches between plants.

Plant a tomato seedling three inches in front of each wager. Let the plants grow till they are 12 to 18 inches tall.

Loosely tie the main stem of each plant to the stake with a short length of twine.

Pinch off suckers — shoots that form from the joint between the primary stem and the leaf — from the bottom around the first truss of flowers or developing fruit. Pinch tiny shoots between your index finger and thumbnail. Snap off larger ones by pulling back to the shoot. Suckers can produce fruit, but growth at the base of the plant gets a lot of shade to generate large fruit and the crowded growth is open to infection from poor air circulation and humidity that splashes onto lower leaves when you water the plants.

Pick the strongest sucker that developed just below the first truss of flowers on each plant to train to an additional principal stem. Pinch out or snap off all additional suckers.

Insert another stake to support the second stem of each plant.

Tie vines to their stakes every time they put on an additional foot of growth.

Inspect the plants at least one time every week and pinch off creating suckers to stop additional stems from forming. Tomato vines with lots of stems put their energy into creating foliage to encourage the plant’s growth rather than into forming fruit.

Pinch off the growing tip of each major stem when the vines hit the top of the stake or as nighttime temperatures begin to cool to avoid additional fruit from forming that won’t have the time to mature.

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How to Grow Serviceberries

Like roses, serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) By another name — plus they have many — could smell just as sweet. Also called shadbushes, shadbow and mountain blueberries, serviceberries bloom in early spring across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 though 8. Their snow-white, fragrant spring blooms yield edible, blue summer berries. Use the fruit from preserves and baked products, and enjoy watching the blue-green leaves brighten to fall’s yellow, orange and red before dropping to reveal the serviceberries’ red-tinged, silver-gray winter bark.

Plant serviceberry trees in always moist, well-drained land with an acidic-to-neutral pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Plants receiving six or more hours of daily sun flower and fruit heavily, but serviceberries also function well in partial shade, with four to six hours of sunlight.

Space serviceberries at a distance equivalent to one-half their adult spreads. An Allegheny serviceberry’s canopy, by way of instance, reaches around 10 feet across. Planting these trees 5 feet apart means they’ll create nearly continuous shade when adult. To distance varieties of different widths, utilize one-half the sum of their adult canopies’ measurements. Plant little cultivars, such as 4-foot alderleaf serviceberry “Regent” (A. alnifolia “Regent “), 1 1/2 feet apart to make a hedge.

Water serviceberries when the top 3 inches of soil feel dry to the touch during their first two years after planting. Established plants are relatively drought-tolerant; water them when rainfall averages less than 1 inch per month.

Spread a 2- to 2-1/2 inch layer of organic mulch, such as chipped bark or pine needles, around the trees to discourage weeds and keep the soil moist, but never saturated. Keep the mulch away from the trunks, where an accumulation may trap water. Replenish the mulch to maintain its original thickness as it decays.

Feed serviceberries with organic 5-3-3 fertilizer in spring and autumn at the speed of 1 cup of fertilizer for every foot of branch spread. Sprinkle the food evenly around the soil beneath their driplines, where mud falls in the ends of the branches. Water well after applying to soak the fertilizer into the soil.

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How to Slim and Prune Tomato Plants

Indeterminate tomato crops need regular pruning only because they develop until the first frost. Determinate forms have a shortened growing season along with a well-defined amount of flowers, leaves and stalks, so they do not need pruning. For indeterminate tomatoes, then you must decide if you would like one growing leader or more. Leaders, commonly called main stems, are the large stems that sprout branches, suckers and leaves. Single-stem plants do not need much space, but they create fewer vegetables than multi-stemmed plants. Pruning will limit the amount of bad-quality tomatoes and encourage the increase of high-quality fruit.

Pinch off any suckers growing from the crotch of every division following transplanting the seedling. Grip suckers between the thumb and forefinger to pinch off small growths or use pruning shears for large ones. Also pinch off any metallic flower buds.

Keep on pinching off suckers growing in the crotches weekly and blossom buds that appear two to three weeks after transplanting.

Allow the first pair of blooms to form when the plant is 12 to 18 inches tall. Pinch off any leaves and suckers beneath the blossom cluster. Allow a take to grow from the leaf axil, the angle between the stem and leaf, over the blossom cluster to develop two leaders. Permit a take develop from the leaf axil over the second leader to develop three leaders.

Pinch out suckers routinely to encourage stronger growth and plant health. Remove suckers in the crotch when they’re small, between 2 and 4 inches.

Locate the growing stage, which is that the very top of this leader. Trim off the growing point once it develops seven or six trusses (the blossom clusters that develop fruit). Pinch off any trusses that develop afterward.

Prune off any yellowing, dying or diseased leaves. Pinch off any new flower buds in mid-August to avoid fruit from setting late in the fall.

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